COVID-19 Treatment

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Covid19 Treatment

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To learn how to manage your symptoms at home, click here

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When should you seek medical help? 

If you show any of these emergency warning signs, seek medical help immediately:   

  • Trouble breathing  

  • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest  

  • New confusion  

  • Inability to arouse or stay awake

  • Pale, gray, or blue-colored skin, lips, or nail beds, depending on skin tone. 

*This list is not all possible symptoms.

Please call your medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning to you. Call 911 or call ahead to your local emergency facility. Notify the operator that you are seeking care for someone who has or may have COVID-19. 

 

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Out-of-Hospital Treatment Options for COVID-19 

Oral Antiviral Treatments 

The FDA authorized two oral antivirals, Pfizer's Paxlovid and Merck's molnupiravir, for the treatment of COVID-19 in certain patients. 

Monoclonal Antibody Treatments

COVID-19 monoclonal antibody therapeutics (mAb) are available for people ages 12 years or older who: 

  • Have tested positive for COVID-19 and have had symptoms for 7 days or less 

  • Are at high risk of becoming seriously ill, including those who have been recently exposed to someone who tested positive for COVID-19. 

WHO QUALIFIES? 

  • Anyone who tests positive for COVID-19 AND has mild to moderate symptoms. See your health care provider to determine if you are eligible for the treatment. Your health care provider will need to verify and confirm your positive test result. 

FIND TREATMENT: 

  • See your health care provider for a treatment prescription and referral to a North Dakota health care facility that provides monoclonal antibody treatment.  

  • For more information on locating monoclonal antibody therapeutics, visit the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) website here.

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Hospital Treatments for COVID-19 

There are treatments for hospitalized patients with severe cases of COVID-19 that have been approved or authorized for emergency use by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 

  • Remdesivir is an antiviral drug approved by the FDA for the treatment of COVID-19 in hospitalized adults and hospitalized pediatric patients at least 12 years of age and weighing at least 40 pounds. It works by stopping SARS-CoV-2 from spreading in the body. 

  • The FDA has authorized additional treatments for emergency use, including convalescent plasma and other treatment combinations. 

  • Health care providers and scientists are investigating other drugs and treatments that may slow or reduce the virus’ growth and spread in the body, as well as to enhance breathing, provide disease-fighting antibodies, and help with other symptoms. 

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Ivermectin and COVID-19 
Why you should not use Ivermectin to treat or prevent COVID-19 

The NDDoH provides this as a resource to understand authorized treatments for COVID-19.

What is Ivermectin? 

Ivermectin is a medication available for both animals and humans. However, Ivermectin preparation for animals is very different from those approved for humans. Humans should not consume medication for animals. Some forms of Ivermectin are used in animals to prevent heartworm disease and certain internal and external parasites. It’s important to note that these products are different from the ones for people and safe when used as prescribed for animals, only.

Ivermectin tablets are approved by the FDA to treat people with intestinal strongyloidiasis and onchocerciasis, two conditions caused by parasitic worms. In addition, some topical (on the skin) forms of Ivermectin are approved to treat external parasites like head lice and skin conditions such as rosacea. Ivermectin is not an anti-viral (a drug for treating viruses). If you have a prescription for Ivermectin for FDA-approved use, get it from a legitimate source, and take it exactly as prescribed. a lot of misinformation around, and you may have heard that it’s okay to take large doses of Ivermectin. That is not correct. Taking large doses of this drug is dangerous and can cause serious harm.

Do Ivermectin tablets treat or prevent COVID-19?

There has been information on social media platforms promoting the use of Ivermectin to treat humans who contract COVID-19. Ivermectin does not treat or prevent COVID-19. Ivermectin is not a drug that treats viruses. Using any treatment for COVID-19 that is not approved or authorized by the FDA, unless part of a clinical trial, can cause serious harm.

Is Ivermectin authorized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)?

Yes, Ivermectin is authorized by the FDA. But Ivermectin is not authorized by the FDA to treat or prevent COVID-19. The FDA has not reviewed data to support that Ivermectin could treat or prevent COVID-19. Ivermectin is not an ant-viral (a drug for treating viruses). It is approved by the FDA for conditions caused by parasitic worms and tropical skin forms.

What is the difference between Ivermectin for animals and humans?

Ivermectin for animals and humans is very different. Humans should not take Ivermectin formulated for animals. Animal drugs are highly concentrated because they are used for large animals like horses and cows, who weigh a lot more than humans. Such high doses can be highly toxic for humans. The FDA has received multiple reports of patients who have required medical support and been hospitalized after self-medicating with Ivermectin intended for horses.

Resources 

Why You Should Not Use Ivermectin to Treat or Prevent COVID-19 | FDA

Ivermectin | COVID-19 Treatment Guidelines (nih.gov)